Contoh Soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris UTBK 2022/2023 Lengkap Pembahasan

Contoh Soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris UTBK 2022/2023 Lengkap Pembahasan, Latihan soal ini bisa menjadi referensi untuk teman-teman dalam mengerjakan soal-soal bahasa inggris untuk menghadapi UTBK.

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Contoh Soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris UTBK 2022/2023

1. The text is for the following question.

Television was once the newest technology in our homes, and then came videos and computers. Today’s children are growing up in a rapidly changing digital age that is far different from their parents. A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. When used wisely, technology and media can support learning children’s relationships both with adults and their peers.

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Based on some evidence by research, there has never been a more important time to apply principles of development and learning when considering the use of cutting-edge technologies and new media as the so-called interactive media. Interactive media refers to digital and analog materials, including software programs, applications (apps), some children’s television programming, e-books, the Internet, and other forms of content designed to facilitate active and creative use by young children and to encourage social engagement with other children and adults.

When the integration of technology and interactive media in early childhood programs is built upon solid developmental foundations, and early childhood professionals are aware of both the challenges and the opportunities, educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child.

This statement provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development. In this statement, the definition of technology tools encompasses a broad range of digital devices such as computers, tablets, multi-touch screens, interactive whiteboards, mobile devices, cameras, audio recorders, electronic toys, games, e-book readers, and older analog devices still being used such as tape recorders, record and cassette players, projectors, and microscopes.

By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of his day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development.

NAEYC and Fred Rogers Center. (2012). Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8 [PDF]. Accessed and adapted on 11 July, 2022 from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/ps_technology.pdf.

The author would apparently agree on the idea that …. 

  1. digital media can harm learning and relationships
  2. technology provides children with enjoyable experiences
  3. technology may bring more good than harm when it is used wisely
  4. technology can influence the relationships between children and their friends
  5. technology minimizes the potential for children’s learning and engagement with others

Jawaban: C

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan kesimpulan tersirat penulis menurut teks tersebut.

Berdasarkan paragraf ketiga (educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child), paragraf keempat (the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development), dan paragraf kelima (it is demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development), dapat disimpulkan bahwa penulis mengungkapkan tentang penggunaan teknologi yang jika digunakan secara bijak, dapat membantu dan mengoptimalkan perkembangan anak.

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Dengan demikian, kesimpulan tersirat yang tepat adalah teknologi membawa lebih banyak kebaikan daripada kerugian jika digunakan secara bijak.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah C.   

2. The text is for the following question.

Television was once the newest technology in our homes, and then came videos and computers. Today’s children are growing up in a rapidly changing digital age that is far different from their parents. A variety of technologies are all around us in our homes, offices, and schools. When used wisely, technology and media can support learning children’s relationships both with adults and their peers.

Based on some evidence by research, there has never been a more important time to apply principles of development and learning when considering the use of cutting-edge technologies and new media as the so-called interactive media. Interactive media refers to digital and analog materials, including software programs, applications (apps), some children’s television programming, e-books, the Internet, and other forms of content designed to facilitate active and creative use by young children and to encourage social engagement with other children and adults.

When the integration of technology and interactive media in early childhood programs is built upon solid developmental foundations, and early childhood professionals are aware of both the challenges and the opportunities, educators are positioned to improve program quality by intentionally leveraging the potential of technology and media for the benefit of every child.

This statement provides guidance for early childhood educators about the use of technology and interactive media in ways that can optimize opportunities for young children’s development. In this statement, the definition of technology tools encompasses a broad range of digital devices such as computers, tablets, multi-touch screens, interactive whiteboards, mobile devices, cameras, audio recorders, electronic toys, games, e-book readers, and older analog devices still being used such as tape recorders, record and cassette players, projectors, and microscopes.

By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of his day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development.

NAEYC and Fred Rogers Center. (2012). Technology and Interactive Media as Tools in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children from Birth through Age 8 [PDF]. Accessed and adapted on 11 July, 2022 from https://www.naeyc.org/sites/default/files/globally-shared/downloads/PDFs/resources/position-statements/ps_technology.pdf.

The author holds the assumption that ….

  1. any forms of content designed to facilitate creative children to learn will challenge them
  2. interactive media are any kind of media that include hardware and artifacts of education
  3. the integration of technology and interactive media in childhood programs leads to improved program quality
  4. applying principles of development and learning of children is secondary in the use of the interactive media
  5. technology and media can be used to facilitate learning and establish better relationships with other children and adults

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Soal tersebut menanyakan asumsi penulis.

Berdasarkan kalimat By appropriately and intentionally using the technology of this day—broadcast television—to connect with each individual child and with parents and families, it demonstrated the positive potential of using technology and media in ways that are grounded in principles of child development, dapat disimpulkan bahwa menggunakan teknologi dengan tepat dan ditujukan untuk terhubung dengan setiap anak dengan orangtua dan keluarganya, menunjukkan potensi positif penggunaan teknologi dan media dengan cara yang didasarkan pada prinsip-prinsip perkembangan anak.

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Dengan demikian, penulis berasumsi bahwa teknologi dan media dapat digunakan untuk memfasilitasi pembelajaran dan menciptakan hubungan dengan anak-anak lain serta orang dewasa. Oleh karena itu, pilihan E tepat.

Pilihan jawaban A, B, C, dan D tidak tepat karena informasi-informasi pada pilihan jawaban tersebut tidak sesuai dengan informasi yang disampaikan pada teks.

Jadi, pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

3. The question is based on the following passage.

Around 2.8 million Indian students sat university examinations from the end of August to September 13 as the country approached the grim milestone of 5-million total COVID-19 cases. Despite pleas from civil society to defer examinations, including by Swedish climate activist Greta Thunberg, a Supreme Court ruling on August 17 gave the government the green light to keep the original schedule for the engineer and medical colleges entrance exams.

The JEE and the NEET, how university exams for those two careers are called, are India’s most competitive — they sprawl industries of their own, with preparation courses generating millions of dollars annually. The court bench headed by Justice Ashok Bhushan said that “the career of the students cannot be put on peril for long, and a full academic year cannot be wasted.” The court will not hear any further petitions regarding postponing future exam dates.

According to the Ministry of Education, 74 percent of the students registered to the first of the JEE took the exam, while an above 80-percent attendance was observed for the NEET exam. Students are now gearing up for the second stage of the JEE (the JEE Advanced), which will take place on September 27. Protests against the exam date have dwindled since the Supreme Court decision.

Manve, Vishal Yashoda. (2020). Millions of Indian Students Sit University Entrance Exams After Government Disregards Protests to Postpone Them. Accessed on July 18, 2020 from https://globalvoices.org/2020/09/15/millions-of-indian-students-sit-university-entrance-exams-after-government-pushes-back-protests-to-postpone-them/.

What can be inferred from the passage?

  1. Indian students were reluctant to join university preparation courses.
  2. Indian students were forced to sit the JEE and the NEET exam.
  3. The JEE and the NEET are annually held by the Supreme Court.
  4. The Supreme Court considered the pleas from society.
  5. The university entrance tests were finally rescheduled.

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Soal menanyakan kesimpulan tersirat yang tepat berdasarkan informasi pada teks tersebut.

Pada paragraf pertama, dijelaskan bahwa meskipun ada permohonan dari masyarakat untuk menunda jadwal ujian masuk universitas terkait dengan banyaknya kasus COVID-19, putusan Mahkamah Agung pada 17 Agustus memberi pemerintah lampu hijau untuk mempertahankan jadwal asli untuk ujian masuk insinyur dan perguruan tinggi kedokteran. Pada akhir paragraf kedua, dijelaskan bahwa pengadilan tidak akan mempertimbangkan petisi apapun mengenai jadwal tersebut. Kemudian pada paragraf ketiga dijelaskan bahwa ujian JEE dan NEET sudah dilaksanakan dan diikuti oleh para mahasiswa.

Informasi pada ketiga paragraf tersebut menunjukkan bahwa sebenarnya mahasiswa menginginkan jadwal ujian tersebut ditunda. Namun, pada akhirnya mereka tetap mengikutinya karena pemerintah tidak bersedia menunda jadwal tersebut.

Dengan demikian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa siswa di India mengikuti ujian JEE dan NEET dalam keadaan terpaksa sehingga pilihan B tepat.

Contoh Soal Literasi Bahasa Inggris UTBK 2022

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